Why did it take over fifty years for this diary to be published?
Maybe because of some caustic comments Che makes in his usual brutally frank style. Maybe it was felt appropriate to wait until Fidel Castro had produced his own memoirs now published by Ocean Press as The Strategic Victory. In launching the book in Havana in July , editor Maria del Carmen Ariet marked that it was "never clear whether or not Che wanted these diaries published" as he had reworked several pieces into his famous Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War , on which Steven Soderbergh based part one of his epic movie Che , starring Benicio Del Toro.
Nevertheless, all Che's diaries—from his early Motorcycle Diaries and its sequel, Latin America Diaries , through to his last diary from Bolivia—are extraordinary examples of his literary gift and his political incisiveness, in terms of his personal reflections, his criticisms and self-criticism, and his observations about others and events.
Young people and working people today who understand that a better world — a socialist world — is possible, and who are ready to fight for it. For decades now, embodying contemporary history, Ernesto Che Guevara has personified uncompromising anti-imperialist struggle for freedom, justice, and equality…by any means necessary, as his contemporary and fellow revolutionist Malcolm X put it. The November 26, passing, at the age of 90, of the great Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro, leads us to revisit the historic military and political collaboration between Fidel and Che, the two revolutionary Marxist fighters and close friends who worked together with an outstanding team of Cuban revolutionary fighters, men and women, as they planned a military and political campaign against the venal and brutal Fulgencio Batista dictatorship — backed by the United States government until essentially the bitter end.
The antecedents of these now fast-fading counter-revolutionary forces in actually filled the Orange Bowl football stadium in Miami to welcome the return to the United States of the captured mercenary invaders who were defeated in the April, at the so-called Bay of Pigs Playa Giron in Cuba. That occurred after the Cuban revolutionary government exchanged them, well fed and in one piece — that is, never tortured — in exchange for medicines, after drawn out negotiations. The specter of Che Guevara continues to haunt the imperialist world. This 50th Anniversary of his cowardly assassination is bound to see another wave in the perpetual concerted campaign to throw mud and slander, disinformation and half-truths, on the memory and example of Che.
A new wave over time from the big-business media and publishing houses, with op-ed pieces, new books and films adding to already lamentable list. There will be endless anti-communist and anti-socialist trolling online. All these efforts are inevitable and every fighter for revolutionary socialist change, and every person who takes seriously concrete historical truth, will be compelled to defend the person, ideas, and legacy of our Che.
The burning question of revolutionary leadership is no less central in the second decade of the 21 st Century than in the s. That latter defeat accelerated the events directly leading to, laying the basis for, the devastation of World War II in Europe. An unintended consequence of that worldwide imperialist slaughter was the acceleration of colonial independence movements and struggles for national liberation, including what became socialist revolutions in China and Vietnam. The Cuban Revolution was part of that international dynamic.
Cuba today maintains the revolutionary Marxist outlook of Che and Fidel in its foreign policy. When the Cuban Revolution triumphed in it revived a genuine proletarian internationalism that had been battered by gross abuses, betrayals, and defeats since the death of V. Lenin and the early foreign policy of the Soviet Union.
Socialist Cuba in is a state power with a foreign policy that actively promotes international solidarity, an internationalism based on the interests and struggles of the working people of the world.
This is true in both political ideas and actual deeds. The strategic perspective of Fidel and Che after the revolutionary triumph was to organize and coordinate a revolutionary leadership, throughout the Americas and worldwide, out of the mass upsurges and anti-imperialist struggles for colonial independence and national liberation that exploded on every continent where colonial domination began to erode during and in the aftermath of the earth-shattering events of World War II.
This is the post-World War II world that the Cuban Revolution and its workers and farmers government of young revolutionists was born into on January 1, The pre-World War II order, dominated by the already decadent and fraying British and French colonial empires, was now being further battered by the blows of a resurgent, aggressive German-Nazi imperialism.
An unintended consequence of the massive multi-front, multi-national slaughterhouse and holocaust of World War II in Europe was accelerating the conditions for the eventual collapse of the colonial empires. In Asia and the Pacific Rim, the British, French, and other Western European colonial powers along, with the United States, already an emerging Pacific military and economic power and minor colonial power in the Philippines, Guam, Samoa, and the US Hawaiian territory faced an aggressive Japanese imperialism that had had already invaded and occupied Chinese Manchuria in , escalated its military aggression there in , and bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in December Independence movements grew rapidly everywhere in formerly colonial lands, often with a mass revolutionary dynamic.
This was true in all the arenas where the titanic militaries of existing and competing imperialist powers and the more minor colonial players clashed in Asia, Africa, the Middle East in the s, s and beyond.
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A huge historic transformation was the political outcome. Indian independence was gained in The Chinese Revolution triumphed in French imperialism tried to re-conquer Vietnam and Indochina before being routed at Dienbienphu in The French imperialists, employing truly epochal brutality, managed to hold on in Algeria until Eventually, the British, French, Belgian, and Dutch governments, with much stress and strain, were forced to retreat and concede formal national political sovereignty across much of Africa, the Middle East, Asia and the Pacific Rim.
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Political divisions intensified after the death of Joseph Stalin in This was the political world the Cuban Revolution entered into and consolidated power in. Che left Cuba and embarked on his revolutionary internationalist mission. This was equally a cool, objective survey of the world political situation in which placed the Vietnamese Revolution and US aggression at the center of world politics; and a fiery revolutionary manifesto calling for stepped-up international solidarity with Vietnam. It included a direct, stinging rebuke to the Soviet and Chinese governments:.
We already know all that, gentlemen! But this guilt also applies to those who, when the time came for a definition, hesitated to make Vietnam an inviolable part of the socialist world; running, of course, the risks of a war on a global scale - but also forcing a decision upon imperialism.
Che Guevara - Wikiwand
And the guilt also applies to those who maintain a war of abuse and snares — started quite some time ago by the representatives of the two greatest powers of the socialist camp. All this is provoking repercussions inside the United States. It is leading to the appearance of a factor that was attenuated by imperialism at full strength: the class struggle inside its own territory. How close and bright would the future appear if two, three, many Vietnams flowered on the face of the globe, with their quota of death and their immense tragedies, with their daily heroism, with their repeated blows against imperialism, forcing it to disperse its forces under the lash of the growing hatred of the peoples of the world!
Che has been endlessly caricatured. And not only by the conscious enemies of his revolutionary ideas and practice. That is to be expected. A predominant caricature presents Che as a quixotic utopian and romantic adventurer, perhaps with a death wish. Someone to be admired, even exalted, as a mythic hero but not someone to be learned from. By reducing Che to an icon, his revolutionary Marxist world outlook, his fraternal, collaborative, and democratic methods of work, his serious attention to scientific knowledge, objective facts, and honest study as the basis of practice and action are also buried.
The actual Che was a voracious reader and highly cultured man of science, a revolutionist of action deeply grounded in theoretical study and practical experience. Our Che is not merely a revered figure from the distant past. Our Che is a guide for the generation of today in the Americas and world-wide who are looking for serious and effective ways to fight this crisis-ridden world economic and social order, with its obscene inequality and haughty class privilege, its brutal wars generally tied to the subjugation of oppressed nationalities, the oppression of women, and environmental degradation.
Most importantly, our Che is a beacon, illuminating what we are for, not merely what we are against. It is also necessary to rescue Che from an imagery that appears more benign than the reactionary anti-Che boilerplate. We get the myth of Che to divert us from his ideas, which have been preserved in his writings and speeches.
Che T-Shirts and refrigerator magnets are fine, but what is really important is to read Che. What is really significant, what really honors his memory and example, is to study Che. At the end of this essay is an essential bibliography. Grasping this is the only way to understand and truly embrace Ernesto Che Guevara. The Cuban Revolution triumphed on January 1, when the July 26th Movement, of which Che had become a central political and military leader, led the workers and peasants of Cuba to governmental and state power over the US-backed Batista dictatorship.
The Cuban socialist revolution has proven to be particularly powerful, enduring, principled, and resonant. Nearly sixty years later, that power remains and has effectively defended itself from an unrelenting economic and political war organized in Washington. They were almost wiped out following a betrayal and logistical failures and regrouped. Ernesto Guevara was a not atypical middle-class Argentine boy, suffering from acute asthma but athletic nonetheless.
He was a serious student who also liked to have a good time, sensitive to injustice but whose early social and political viewpoint did not go much beyond a definite humanitarian imperative. It was in Guatemala that the revolutionary transformation of Ernesto Guevara began. Ernesto Guevara arrived in Guatemala in as the government of Jacobo Arbenz had taken office, elected by the votes of workers and peasants hoping for an alleviation of their miserable conditions of life and work.
In the early s, Guatemala, as elsewhere in Central America and Latin America, was ruled by an ultra-wealthy oligarchy of semi-feudal landlords and a comprador bourgeoisie wholly linked and subordinate to foreign, mostly US, capital. Imperialist domination forged a Guatemalan economy geared toward the production of food for export to US and European markets. Food produced on giant plantations by super-exploited labor, kept in line by state and private armed violence.
Under the Arbenz government political space opened up for the super-exploited majority. Washington reacted with fury and proceeded step-by-step to organize an eventually successful CIA-directed military coup which overthrew Arbenz and installed the ferociously murderous right-wing military dictatorship of Carlos Castillo Armas. Subsequent military regimes armed and backed by Washington have murdered some , Guatemalan working people.
The young Ernesto Guevara went to Guatemala, like many South American patriots and developing anti-imperialists, attracted to the democratic and progressive promise of the Arbenz regime. The future Che had already received his medical degrees and the title of Doctor. Idealistic and full of passion for and determination to serve the oppressed and destitute, Dr. Guevara noticed from the outset that the symptoms and diseases he would treat and correct were always being reproduced out of the social relations and conditions that swirled around his modest clinic, oblivious to the skills and techniques employed inside.
An important conclusion was thereby reached by the year-old future revolutionary who wanted to be a revolutionary doctor.
here To be a revolutionary doctor, he decided, there would first have to be a revolution. Guatemala became the crucible that forged the future Che.
Ocean Press Che watched, with increasing frustration and exasperation, as the coup-forces prepared for their strike while the Arbenz government proved unable or unwilling to prepare counter-measures, especially by spotlighting and campaigning against the US subversion and physically preparing, training, and arming workers and peasants to defend the Constitutional government. Ernesto Guevara escaped from Guatemala to Mexico, one step ahead of right-wing death squads which had him targeted. He landed in Mexico City, a destitute refugee at one point selling pencils and photographs on the streets, radicalized and transformed in the Guatemalan crucible.
Defeated in the assault, the young rebels emerged politically victorious as a number of factors converged, resulting in the establishment of the July 26th Movement led by Fidel Castro. Ernesto became Che, the affectionate moniker affixed to him by his Cuban pals soon to become his comrades. And in one night…he became one of the future Granma expeditionaries, although at that time the expedition possessed neither ship, nor arms, nor troops.